It was laid out as a town at the confluence of Pike Run with the Monongahela River, in 1819, by Robert Jackman, and was afterwards erected into a borough by the State legislature on the 9th day of April, 1834.
It contains 82 dwelling-houses, eight stores, one confectionery, two churches, the usual number of mechanical branches, with a population of 465, and is twenty-two miles distant from Washington.
There are two churches in this borough, one under the control of the Methodist Episcopal denomination, and the other, the Cumberland Presbyterians. The Methodist church was erected in 1838, but in a few years afterwards was enlarged. The pulpit is supplied by Rev. D. A. Pierce
The Cumberland Presbyterian church is a new edifice, although the first was built about 1839. It has also a large school-house, containing two schools, employing two female teachers, at $30 per month, with 107 scholars, 63 males and 44 females; the price of tuition per month being 72 cents; amount levied for school purposes being $242.45, and received from the State, $46.48.
As a portion of the local history of the town of Greenfield we may state that on the 18th of July, 1814, an association was formed called the Farmers' and Mechanics' Commercial Store of Greenfield, for the purpose of raising a fund to establish a store, and connect thereby a speedy market for their surplus produce. Capital stock, $20,000, in shares of $10 each, to be under the control of a president and nine directors, who were authorized to erect a storehouse, and purchase keel-boats to carry the produce to Pittsburg.
RICH HILL TOWNSHIP|1793-1796
The Supreme Executive Council, on March 13, 1793, upon the application of the court of Washington County, established this township, assigning as its boundaries Finley township on the north, Franklin and Greene on the east, Mason and Dixon's line on the south, and Virginia on the west. By the act of the legislature of February 9, 1796, this township, with Franklin, Greene, Morgan, and Cumberland townships, comprised Greene County.